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HTML Elements List (Символы HTML)


Index

A, ABBREV, ACRONYM, ADDRESS, APP, APPLET, AREA, AU, B, BANNER, BASE, BASEFONT, BDO, BGSOUND, BIG, BLINK, BLOCKQUOTE, BODY, BQ, BR, CAPTION, CENTER, CITE, CODE, COL, COLGROUP, CREDIT, DD, DEL, DFN, DIR, DIV, DL, DT, EM, EMBED, FN, FIG, FONT, FORM, FRAME, FRAMESET, H1, H2, H3, H4, H5, H6, HEAD, HP, HR, HTML, I, IMG, INPUT, INS, ISINDEX, KBD, LANG, LH, LI, LINK, LISTING, MAP, MARQUEE, MENU, META, NEXTID, NOBR, NOEMBED, NOFRAMES, NOTE, OL, OPTION, OVERLAY, P, PARAM, PERSON, PLAINTEXT, PRE, Q, S, SAMP, SELECT, SMALL, SPAN, STRIKE, STRONG, SUB, SUP, TAB, TABLE, TBODY, TD, TEXTAREA, TFOOT, TH, THEAD, TITLE, TR, TT, U, UL, VAR, WBR, XMP


Element Groups

To shorten the lists in each element to describe the "Elements Allowed Within..." and "Allowed In Content Of..." various elements are defined by RFC 1866 as members of a group. These group names are used throughout the RFC 1866. Since group names can be defined to contain other group names, this mechanism makes nesting and recursion more obvious. Note that these element groups only deal with entities defined in RFC 1866 and do not include any of the entities in proposed extensions.
block
Contains the groups block.forms, list, preformatted and the entities DL and P
The tables proposal defines the TABLE element as a member of this group block
block.forms
Contains the entities BLOCKQUOTE, FORM and ISINDEX
body.content
Is allowed to contain the groups block, heading, text and the entities HR and ADDRESS
It is recommended that it contain only the groups block, heading and the entities HR, ADDRESS and IMG This recommended change in the members of this group means that all text within a body should be enclosed in some kind of block. This means that
<h1>Heading<h1>
<p>Text ...

is recommended over
<h1>Heading<h1>
Text ...
font
Contains the entities TT, B and I
heading
Contains the entities H1, H2, H3, H4, H5 and H6
list
Contains the entities UL, OL, DIR and MENU
Note that it does not contain DL which is identified separately.
phrase
Contains the entities EM, STRONG, CODE, SAMP, KBD, VAR and CITE
preformated
Is allowed to contain the entities PRE, XMP and LISTING
The last two entities are deprecated and this group should contain only the entity PRE
text
Contains the groups phrase and font and the entities A, IMG and BR and parsed character data. Parsed character data is any valid character data after the data has been parsed and all special character entities have been replaced with their character data.

The internationalization proposal also includes in group text the entities BDO, Q, SPAN, SUB, SUP

A

Description
The A element brackets (or anchors) a piece of text (and/or image) which is identified as a hypertext link. The A element must have either an HREF attribute or a NAME attribute. The HREF attribute identifies a destination URL, and the bracketed text is rendered as a hypertext link to the URL. Browsers will display the contents of an A element with an HREF attribute in a special manner to indicate that if the contents are selected, the browser will execute that hypertext link. The NAME attribute identifies a destination tag, and the bracketed text is thereby identified as an available hypertext target within this document. Browsers do not display the contents of an A element with a NAME attribute in any special way. However, an A element with an HREF attribute can now be constructed by using the document URL suffixed with #name. This will load the document, but will position the display starting at the location of this NAME tag. An A element with an HREF attribute can also be constructed to jump directly to this destination tag within the same document by a URL consisting solely of #name The presence of REL=relation in document A with HREF to document/object B identifies a relationship that B has to A that A recognizes/authorizes/verifies. The presence of REV=relation of the identical relation in document B with HREF to document/object A identifies a desired/expected/claimed relationship that B has to A, but must be verified by checking with A.
Minimum Attributes
<A HREF="..." >characters... </A>
or
<A NAME="..." >characters... </A>
All Possible Attributes
<A HREF="..." NAME="..." REL="..." REV="..." URN="..." TITLE="..." METHODS="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl CHARSET="..." ID="..." CLASS="..." MD="..." TARGET="..." SHAPE="...">characters... </A>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of groups heading text but not element <A>
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The LANG, DIR and CHARSET attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The CHARSET attribute is a hint as to the expected character set used by the hyperlink. Earlier proposals suggest changing the NAME attribute to ID, declaring the NAME attribute as obsolete, and adding an ID attribute for various elements including the paragraph and heading elements. With the ID, MD, and CLASS attributes as part of the style sheet proposal, this is likely to change. At present REV and REL are rarely used or supported, and are Level 1 attributes, but are of growing interest to automated document environments. These relationships are more commonly identified in the HEAD of the document using the LINK element. REL and REV can be either a comma-separated or white space separated set of relationship(s) of the HREF link. One proposal suggests that comma imply "or" and white space imply "and" for a list of values. These relationships and their semantics were originally proposed to be registered with an HTML authority, which was described at http://www.w3.org/hypertext/WWW/MarkUp/RegistrationAuthority.html, but that link no longer responds. The entire topic of link relationships is under active discussion and change. Early examples of relationship names are UseIndex, UseGlossary, Annotation, Reply, Embed, Precedes, Subdocument, Present, Search, Supersedes, History, Made, Owns, Approves, Supports, Refutes, Includes, Interested. URN is for a Universal Resource Number, and is not currently used or supported, and is a Level 1 attribute. RFC 1866 describes it as a preferred, more persistent identifier than the value of HREF. TITLE is little used or supported, and is a Level 1 attribute, but is expected to be the title of the HREF document. RFC 1866 suggests TITLE can be displayed as a margin note or on a small box while the mouse is over the anchor. (ed. I am unaware of any browser that has implemented this feature.) METHODS is little used or supported, but is expected to be a white-space-separated list of HTTP METHODS supported by the object and accessible to the user. RFC 1866 suggests that the content of the A element may be rendered differently depending upon the HTTP method. TARGET is a Netscape 2.0 extension to define a window name for use by the retrieved hyperlink. If the named window is not already open, Netscape 2.0 will open a new window and assign it that name. See also the FRAME element for naming a window. SHAPE is proposed to provide a mechanism to define multiple A elements and corresponding "hotzones" within the proposed FIG element, to perform the equivalent function of ISMAP without the need for writing a responding cgi-bin program. For an alternate proposal, see the MAP element. A is a Level 0 element.

ABBREV

Description
The ABBREV element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent abbreviations.
Minimum Attributes
<ABBREV>characters... </ABBREV>
All Possible Attributes
<ABBREV LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </ABBREV>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The ABBREV element is a Version 3 proposed element. All character definition elements are Level 2.

ACRONYM

Description
The ACRONYM element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent acronyms.
Minimum Attributes
<ACRONYM>characters... </ACRONYM>
All Possible Attributes
<ACRONYM LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </ACRONYM>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The ACRONYM element is a Version 3 proposed element. All character definition elements are Level 2.

ADDRESS

Description
The ADDRESS element defines a separated multi-line set of text to be rendered for address information.
Minimum Attributes
<ADDRESS>characters... </ADDRESS>
All Possible Attributes
<ADDRESS LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=center|left|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." NOWRAP>characters... </ADDRESS>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text or element <P>
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group body.content
Variations
ADDRESS text is typically rendered in italics, and may be indented. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify The CLEAR and NOWRAP attributes are proposed in Version 3. ADDRESS is a Level 0 element.
Sandia Requirements
An ADDRESS element is required to identify a "point-of-contact". For details, see the Sandia Requirements.

APP

See the element APPLET

APPLET

Description
The APPLET element replaced the APP element as the mechanism to identify and invoke a JAVA(tm) application. A browser that understands this element will ignore everything in the content of the APPLET element except the PARAM elements. Browsers that do not understand this element should ignore it and the PARAM elements and instead process the content of the element. Thus the content is the alternate HTML if the application is not invoked. CODE is the name of the file that contains the compiled Applet subclass. This name is relative to the base URL of the applet and cannot be an absolute URL. WIDTH and HEIGHT give the initial width and height (in pixels) of the applet display area. CODEBASE specifies the base URL of the applet. ALT specifies parsed character data to be displayed if the brower understands the APPLET tag but can't/won't run them. NAME specifies a name for the applet instance, which allows applets on the same page to commuicate with each other. ALIGN specifies the display alignment. VSPACE and HSPACE specify the reserved space around the applet (in pixels).
Minimum Attributes
<APPLET CODE="..." WIDTH="..." HEIGHT="...">characters... </APPLET>
All Possible Attributes
<APPLET CODE="..." WIDTH="..." HEIGHT="..." CODEBASE="..." ALT="..." NAME="..." ALIGN=left|right|top|texttop|middle|absmiddle|baseline|bottom|absbottom VSPACE="..." HSPACE="...">characters... </APPLET>
Elements Allowed Within...
<PARAM> and any other elements which would have been allowed at this point in the document.
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The APPLET element is a proposed extension for JAVA(tm) applications, and is a Netscape 2.0 extension.

AREA

Description
The AREA element specifies a single area of an image which, if selected, will link to the hyperlink identified by HREF. If multiple AREA elements in the same MAP define overlapping areas, the first encountered takes precedence.
Minimum Attributes
<AREA COORDS="...">
All Possible Attributes
<AREA COORDS="..." SHAPE=rect|circle|polygon HREF="..." NOHREF ALT="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
AREA has no end tag and therefore has no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<MAP>
Variations
The AREA element is part of a proposed enhancement to provide client-side image maps. COORDS describes the position of an area (in pixels) of the image in comma-separated x,y coordinates where the upper-left corner is "0,0". For SHAPE=rect (the default), it is "left,top,right,bottom". For SHAPE=circle, it is "center_x,center_y,radius". For SHAPE=polygon, it is successive x,y vertices of the polygon. If the first and last coordinates are not the same, then a segment is inferred to close the polygon. The NOHREF indicates that this region should generate no links. The ALT attribute specifies optional parsed character data to describe the area which could be displayed by a text-only browser as a substitute for the image. AREA is an extension in Netscape 2.0, but the only SHAPE recognized is "rect", and ALT is not defined.

AU

Description
The AU element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent the name of an author.
Minimum Attributes
<AU>characters... </AU>
All Possible Attributes
<AU LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </AU>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The AU element is a Version 3 proposed element. All character definition elements are Level 2.

B

Description
The B element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a bold font.
Minimum Attributes
<B>characters... </B>
All Possible Attributes
<B LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </B>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group font
Variations
Browsers who do not have bold may render in some other manner. RFC 1866 states that <B> content must be rendered as distinct from <I> content. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

BANNER

Description
The BANNER element is proposed for corporate logos, navigation aids, disclaimers and other information which shouldn't be scrolled with the rest of the document.
Minimum Attributes
<BANNER>characters... </BANNER>
All Possible Attributes
<BANNER LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </BANNER>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<BODY>
Variations
This is a proposed Version 3 element.

BASE

Description
The BASE element provides the absolute URL base to be used for any relative URL links in this document. It must be a complete file name, and is usually the original URL of this document. If this file is moved, having the BASE set to the original URL eliminates the need to also move all the documents which are identified by relative URL links in this document.
Minimum Attributes
<BASE HREF="...">
All Possible Attributes
<BASE HREF="..." TARGET="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
Allowed In Content Of...
<HEAD>
Variations
This is a Level 0 element. Netscape 2.0 defines the TARGET attribute to define a default named target window for every link in a document that does not have an explicit TARGET attribute.

BASEFONT

Description
Change the document base font size to one of the seven defined sizes. The default is 3.
Minimum Attributes
<BASEFONT SIZE=1|2|3|4|5|6|7>
All Possible Attributes
<BASEFONT SIZE=1|2|3|4|5|6|7>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The BASEFONT element is a Netscape extension.

BDO

Description
The BDO element is a directional override feature needed to deal with unusual pieces of text in which directionality cannot be resolved from context in an unambiguous fashion. It requires the DIR attribute. The meaning of DIR is different on BDO than on inline text markup elements. For BDO the DIR attribute is a bidi override, forcing the directionnality of even those characters that have strong directionnality. On inline elements, DIR indicates a new directional embedding level, affecting mostly the neutrals and the overall layout.
Minimum Attributes
<BDO DIR=ltr|rtl>characters... </BDO>
All Possible Attributes
<BDO DIR=ltr|rtl LANG="...">characters... </BDO>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The BDO element is a proposed element as part of the enhancement to deal with internationalization of HTML.

BGSOUND

Description
The BGSOUND element will cause an audio file to be presented as background to the document.
Minimum Attributes
<BGSOUND SRC="...">
All Possible Attributes
<BGSOUND SRC="..." LOOP="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
The BGSOUND element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The BGSOUND element is a MS Internet Explorer 2.0 enhancement. SRC specifies the URL of the audio file to be played. LOOP specifies how many times the sound will be displayed while the HTML document is displayed, and can either be a number or the string "infinite". The default for LOOP is one. Considerable opposition to the use of this element has been expressed on the Web, especially the use of LOOP=infinite, since users currently have no way to disable the audio.

BIG

Description
The BIG element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a bigger font than normal text, if practical.
Minimum Attributes
<BIG>characters... </BIG>
All Possible Attributes
<BIG LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </BIG>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The BIG element is proposed in Version 3, and is implemented as a Netscape 2.0 enhancement. All character definition elements are Level 2.

BLINK

Description
The BLINK element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a blinking font.
Minimum Attributes
<BLINK>characters... </BLINK>
All Possible Attributes
<BLINK>characters... </BLINK>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
This element is a Netscape 1.1 enhancement and many browsers ignore this element. Many users find the use of this element annoying. It should be restricted to short term use for new information. Netscape 1.1N permits users to disable the rendering of this element.

BLOCKQUOTE

Description
The BLOCKQUOTE element defines a separated multi-line set of text to be rendered as quoted text.
Minimum Attributes
<BLOCKQUOTE> </BLOCKQUOTE>
All Possible Attributes
<BLOCKQUOTE LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=center|left|right|justify> </BLOCKQUOTE>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group body.content
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group block.forms
Variations
RFC 1866 states the contents of the BLOCKQUOTE element is typically rendered slightly indented both left and right, and/or italic font. It also states that a single-font browser rendering may display the contents with a vertical line of ">" characters down the left margin to indicate quotation in the Internet mail style. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Version 3 proposes replacing the BLOCKQUOTE element with the BQ element. BLOCKQUOTE is a Level 0 element.

BODY

Description
The BODY element contains all the content of the document, as opposed to the HEAD, which contains information about the document. All displayable elements should be within the content of the BODY.
Minimum Attributes
All Possible Attributes
<BODY LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." BACKGROUND="..." BGCOLOR="..." BGPROPERTIES=fixed TEXT="#rrggbb" LINK="#rrggbb" VLINK="#rrggbb" ALINK="#rrggbb"> </BODY>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group body.content
Allowed In Content Of...
<HTML>
Variations
The HTML, HEAD, and BODY elements were introduced with RFC 1866, and are currently optional, but are considered Level 0 elements. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. Version 3 proposes the attribute BACKGROUND. Netscape 1.1 and MS Internet Explorer 2.0 include the BACKGROUND attribute, which is a URL to point to an image to be reproduced to fill the background of the document. Netscape 1.1 and MS Internet Explorer 2.0 both document the BGCOLOR extension. Netscape requires an "#rrggbb" number, while Internet Explorer also accepts the following color names: Black, Maroon, Green, Olive, Navy, Purple, Teal, Gray, Silver, Red, Lime, Yellow, Blue, Fuchsia, Aqua, White. The TEXT, LINK, VLINK, and ALINK attributes are Netscape 1.1 extensions, and also appear to work with MS Internet Explorer 2.0. BGPROPERTIES is an MS Internet Explorer 2.0 extension and currently only accepts the value of "fixed" which provides a watermark (non-scrolling) background image.
Sandia Requirements
The HTML, HEAD and BODY elements are required.

BQ

Description
The BQ element defines a multi-line set of text to be rendered as quoted text. The content of the BQ element may optionally contain the CREDIT element.
Minimum Attributes
<BQ> </BQ>
All Possible Attributes
<BQ LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." NOWRAP> </BQ>
Elements Allowed Within...
<CREDIT>
-others to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<BQ>
-others to be determined-
Variations
The BQ element is proposed in Version 3 as a replacement for the BLOCKQUOTE element. Version 3 does not indicate the typical rendering of the contents of the BQ element, but does indicate that it may not imply text separation.

BR

Description
The BR element breaks for a new line, but does not produce separation of text.
Minimum Attributes
<BR>
All Possible Attributes
<BR CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." ID="..." CLASS="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
The BR element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The CLEAR attribute is a Netscape 1.1 extension and was added to force the line break to clear possible floating graphic images. The standard tables proposal expects the presence of this attribute since it expects text to flow around a table, if possible, but does not standardize the attribute's existence as part of the proposal. Version 3 includes CLEAR, and proposes the remaining attributes. The BR element is Level 0.

CAPTION

Description
The CAPTION element is used to label a table or figure. The ALIGN attribute specifies on which outside edge to place the caption.
Minimum Attributes
<CAPTION>characters... </CAPTION>
All Possible Attributes
<CAPTION ALIGN=top|bottom|left|right LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </CAPTION>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<FIG> <TABLE>
Variations
The CAPTION element was originally proposed in Version 3 and is part of the current table proposal. This element is an extension in Netscape 1.1.

CENTER

Description
All contents within the CENTER element is to be centered between the current left and right margin.
Minimum Attributes
<CENTER>characters... </CENTER>
All Possible Attributes
<CENTER>characters... </CENTER>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<A> -In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The CENTER element is a Netscape 1.1 extension. It was provided as an alternative to the HTML+ and Version 3 ALIGN="center" proposed new attribute for all the text block elements such as the <P> paragraph and <H?> header elements and the new <DIV> element. Both RFC 1866 and the current Version 3 specification only include the ALIGN attribute, not the CENTER element, and Netscape 2.0 has added the ALIGN="center" attribute.

CITE

Description
The CITE element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent a citation.
Minimum Attributes
<CITE>characters... </CITE>
All Possible Attributes
<CITE LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </CITE>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group phrase
Variations
This is typically rendered in italics. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

CODE

Description
The CODE element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent computer code. It is intended for short words or phrases. PRE is recommended for multiple-line listings.
Minimum Attributes
<CODE>characters... </CODE>
All Possible Attributes
<CODE LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </CODE>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group phrase
Variations
This is usually rendered in a fixed-width font. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

COL

Description
The COL element specifies column based defaults for table properties.
Minimum Attributes
<COL>
All Possible Attributes
<COL LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." SPAN=nn WIDTH="..." ALIGN=left|center|right|justify|char CHAR="." CHAROFF="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline>
Elements Allowed Within...
COL has no end element, therefore it has no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
COLGROUP TABLE
Variations
The COL element is part of the new proposed standard tables structure. It is not widely implemented in existing browsers. The order of placement of a series of COL elements within the TABLE content (or within a COLGROUP) is significant, and describes the columns in the TABLE DIR presentation order, first to last. SPAN is a positive integer that specifies how many columns this element applies to, defaulting to one. SPAN=0 implies all columns from the current column up to and including the last column. WIDTH is a decimal number which specifies the width of each column in the span. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition, the special suffix of an asterisk may be used to specify a number to be used as a multiplier of a "standard" column width. This is used to specify the widths of columns proportionately relative to each other. If a number does not accompany the asterisk it defaults to one. Specifying WIDTH="0*" forces the column to its minimum width. ALIGN and VALIGN define the alignment of text within a table cell. If ALIGN=char, CHAR specifies the alignment character which defaults to the decimal point for the current language. CHAROFF is a decimal number that specifies the offset for the alignment character from the beginning of the table cell in the DIR direction. Units may be specified using the standard defined units suffixes plus the special suffix of the percent sign indicating the percentage of offset within the cell from the beginning of the cell.

COLGROUP

Description
The COLGROUP element defines a group of one or more columns and specifies the defaults for all the columns in this group.
Minimum Attributes
<COLGROUP>
All Possible Attributes
<COLGROUP LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|center|right|justify|char ID="..." CLASS="..." CHAR="." CHAROFF="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline>characters... </COLGROUP>
Elements Allowed Within...
COL
Allowed In Content Of...
TABLE
Variations
The COLGROUP element is part of the new proposed standard tables structure. It is not widely implemented in existing browsers. The end tag is optional and is inferred when a new COLGROUP is encountered or the THEAD or TBODY element of TABLE. The order of placement of a series of COLGROUP elements within the TABLE content is significant, and describes the columns in the TABLE DIR presentation order, first to last. ALIGN and VALIGN define the alignment of text within a table cell. If ALIGN=char, CHAR specifies the alignment character which defaults to the decimal point for the current language. CHAROFF is a decimal number that specifies the offset for the alignment character from the beginning of the table cell in the DIR direction. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition, the special suffix of the percent sign may be used to indicate the percentage of offset within the cell from the beginning of the cell.

CREDIT

Description
The CREDIT element is used to name the source of a block quotation or figure.
Minimum Attributes
<CREDIT>characters... </CREDIT>
All Possible Attributes
<CREDIT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </CREDIT>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<BQ> <FIG>
Variations
The CREDIT element is proposed in Version 3. Version 3 does not indicate the typical rendering for the contents of the CREDIT element, nor whether that rendering should be different or separated from the enclosing block quotation or figure.

DD

Description
The DD element identifies the separated multi-line definition item in a DL definition list. In a DL list a DD should always be preceded by at least one DT element.
Minimum Attributes
<DD>characters...
All Possible Attributes
<DD LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl>characters... </DD>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of groups block text
Allowed In Content Of...
<DL>
Variations
This is typically rendered as normal text, indented. Most browsers assume that the contents of the element ends when it encounters a <DT> or another <DD> or the </DL> element to end the list, and thus do not require the ending tag. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All list elements are Level 0.

DEL

Description
The DEL element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent deleted text, for instance in modifications in legal documents.
Minimum Attributes
<DEL>characters... </DEL>
All Possible Attributes
<DEL LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </DEL>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The DEL element is a Version 3 proposed element. While this will typically be rendered by strikethru characters, the DEL element is preferred over using the S or STRIKE elements. All character definition elements are Level 2.

DFN

Description
The DFN element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent a defining instance of a term.
Minimum Attributes
<DFN>characters... </DFN>
All Possible Attributes
<DFN LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </DFN>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The DFN element is not widely implemented, but is usually rendered bold or bold italic. It is a Version 3 proposed element and was in an earlier Version 2 proposal. The RFC 1866 describes it and recognizes it as existing practice but does not include it in the standardized elements.

DIR

Description
The DIR element defines an unordered list consisting of a number of single-line <LI> elements.
Minimum Attributes
<DIR></DIR>
All Possible Attributes
<DIR COMPACT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=center|left|right|justify> </DIR>
Elements Allowed Within...
element <LI> but not any member of group block
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group list
Variations
This list type is not commonly implemented, and is often rendered identically to UL. RFC 1866 specifies that the content of the LI element of the DIR list is usually less than 20 characters in length. These may be arranged in columns across the page, each column typically as 24 characters wide. Specifying <UL PLAIN WRAP=HORIZ> is proposed in Version 3 as a replacement for the DIR element. The exclusion in RFC 1866 of group block within DIR implies (among other things) that DIR can contain no nested lists, nor any paragraphs even though the LI element normally would allow this. Some browsers do not enforce this exclusion. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify All list elements are Level 0.

DIV

Description
The DIV element is proposed to be used with the CLASS attribute to represent different kinds of containers, e.g. chapter, section, abstract, or appendix.
Minimum Attributes
<DIV>characters... </DIV>
All Possible Attributes
<DIV LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|center|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." NOWRAP CLEAR=left|right|all|"...">characters... </DIV>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<BODY>
Variations
This is a proposed Version 3 element. <DIV ALIGN=center> is the proposed replacement for the non-standard CENTER element. This is a Netscape 2.0 extension but it only recognizes ALIGN=left|right|center.

DL

Description
The DL element defines a definition list. Each item in the list is expected to have two parts, identified by the <DT> and <DD> elements.
Minimum Attributes
<DL></DL>
All Possible Attributes
<DL COMPACT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..."> </DL>
Elements Allowed Within...
<LH> <DT> <DD>
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group block
Variations
The COMPACT attribute suggests rendering the list in a physically compact way, but is not implemented by many browsers. RFC 1866 suggests that the attribute be used if the list items are small and/or the entire list is large, and may cause the elimination of blank lines between DT/DD pairs. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. Version 3 proposes the CLEAR attribute. To obtain a specific look, it has been the practice to construct a DL with DD elements but empty or missing DT elements. Missing DT elements violates the standard. Version 3 proposes a new NOTE element as the preferred alternative to achieve the effect desired. All list elements are Level 0.

DT

Description
The DT element identifies the separated term item in a DL definition list. Multiple DT elements may exist prior to a single DD element. In a DL list a DD should always be preceded by at least one DT element.
Minimum Attributes
<DT>characters...
All Possible Attributes
<DT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl>characters... </DT>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
<DL>
Variations
This is typically rendered in a bold font, but not indented. Most browsers assume that the contents of the element ends when it encounters a <DD> or another <DT> or the </DL> element to end the list, and thus do not require the ending tag. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All list elements are Level 0.

EM

Description
The EM element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically emphasize the text.
Minimum Attributes
<EM>characters... </EM>
All Possible Attributes
<EM LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </EM>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group phrase
Variations
Usually rendered in italics. RFC 1866 states that <EM> content must be rendered as distinct from <STRONG> content. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

EMBED

Description
The EMBED element defines a container that allows the insertion of arbitrary objects directly into an HTML page. Embedded objects are supported by application-specific plug-ins. EMBED is defined to allow arbitrary attributes.
Minimum Attributes
<EMBED SRC="...">
All Possible Attributes
<EMBED SRC="..." HEIGHT="..." WIDTH="..." attribute_1="..." attribute_2="..." ...>characters... </EMBED>
Elements Allowed Within...
<NOEMBED>
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The EMBED element is a Netscape 2.0 extension. Netscape gives as examples of plug-in applications: WebFX by Paper Software for viewing VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) worlds, Adobe Acrobat for PDF documents, and Macromedia Director and Apple QuickTime for multimedia. Netscape's examples do not include the ending element, but their documentation does not specify what would imply the end of the EMBED content if the ending element is absent. The concept of arbitrary undefined attributes violates the underlying SGML standard of HTML. Change is expected in this element. See also the APPLET element. The Netscape documentation does not currently define the units for HEIGHT and WIDTH but examples would imply that they are pixels. The object's image will be scaled to fit the specified height/width. Embedded plug-in applications may be activated by double-clicking their image.

FIG

Description
The FIG element is an advanced form of the IMG element to define an image, with optional overlays, text elements and "hotzones", to be inserted within a document. The structure of the contents of the FIG element expects a series of optional overlay images defined by OVERLAY elements, followed by an optional CAPTION element, followed by text to be presented as an alternative to the image(s) and which may contain normal text elements as well as hypertext links defined by A elements with SHAPE attributes to identify "hotzones" on the image, finally completed by an optional CREDIT element.
Minimum Attributes
<FIG SRC="..."></FIG>
All Possible Attributes
<FIG SRC="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." NOFLOW MD="..." ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|bleedleft|bleedright WIDTH=value HEIGHT=value UNITS="..." IMAGEMAP="..."></FIG>
Elements Allowed Within...
<OVERLAY> <CAPTION> <CREDIT>
-In progress, to be determined-
(ed: all normal markup elements?)
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The FIG element is proposed in Version 3 as a sophisticated alternative to the IMG element, especially to enhance the capabilities of the ALT text for non-graphical presentations of HTML documents, as well as a way to accomplish the common use of the ISMAP attribute of the IMG element without the need for a responding cgi-bin program.

FN

Description
The FN element logically identifies text to be presented as a footnote. The reference location for the footnote is expected to be an A element whose HREF attribute references the ID of the FN element.
Minimum Attributes
<FN ID="...">characters... </FN>
All Possible Attributes
<FN LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </FN>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The FN element is a Version 3 proposed element. Version 3 specifies that when practical, the browser should render the FN element as pop-up notes. Version 3 does not specify an expected rendering when the footnote text is simply displayed where it occurs in the document. However, Version 3 does state that the FN element does not imply text separation. Therefore, common practice expects that the contents of the FN element would begin with a markup element which produces separation, e.g. the P element.

FONT

Description
The FONT element changes the font size of the following characters to one of the seven defined sizes, or plus or minus from the document BASEFONT size.
Minimum Attributes
<FONT SIZE=[+|-]1|2|3|4|5|6|7>
All Possible Attributes
<FONT SIZE=[+|-]1|2|3|4|5|6|7 COLOR="..." FACE="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The FONT element with the SIZE attribute is a Netscape 1.1 and MS Internet 2.0 extension. Netscape 2.0 and MS Internet Explorer 2.0 added the COLOR attribute. Netscape requires an "#rrggbb" number, while Internet Explorer also accepts the following color names: Black, Maroon, Green, Olive, Navy, Purple, Teal, Gray, Silver, Red, Lime, Yellow, Blue, Fuchsia, Aqua, White. The FACE attribute is a MS Internet Explorer 2.0 extension to specify a font style, but the permitted values are not defined.

FORM

Description
The FORM element creates a fill-out form. The browser permits the user to enter information in the fields of the form and sends this information to a cgi-bin script on a server identified as a URL by the ACTION attribute. METHOD=GET (the default) appends the input information to the ACTION URL which on most receiving systems becomes the value of the environment variable QUERY_STRING. METHOD=POST (the preferred) sends the input information in a data body which is available on stdin with the data length set in the environment variable CONTENT_LENGTH. Form data is a stream of name=value pairs separated by the & character. Each name=value pair is URL encoded, i.e. spaces are changed into the plus character and some characters are encoded into hexadecimal. At least one of the following is expected inside the FORM contents: INPUT, SELECT, TEXTAREA.
Minimum Attributes
<FORM></FORM>
All Possible Attributes
<FORM ACTION="..." METHOD=GET|POST ENCTYPE="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ACCEPT-CHARSET="..." SCRIPT="..."> </FORM>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group body.content and elements <INPUT> <SELECT> <TEXTAREA> but not element <FORM>
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group block.forms
Variations
The original definition of FORM only defined the default value of application/x-www-form-urlencoded for the ENCTYPE attribute. RFC 1867 adds the value of multipart/form-data for this attribute to permit a FORM to upload one or more files in addition to the FORM data. METHOD=POST is required with this value of ENCTYPE. This file upload extension is implemented in Netscape 2.0. Most current browsers only handle ACTION for the http: access type, but proposals for handling the mailto: access type are being discussed. The LANG, DIR, and ACCEPT-CHARSET attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The ACCEPT-CHARSET attribute is to provide a hint as to the character set or sets that the receiving URL is prepared to handle. Version 3 proposes the SCRIPT attribute to specify a URL which contains a limited syntax script to be downloaded to the browser for execution to preprocess the FORM output before sending it to the ACTION destination. This SCRIPT proposal may change as part of the new proposals concerning APPLET and EMBED. All elements concerning FORM are Level 2.

FRAME

Description
The FRAME element defines a single frame in a frameset. The SRC attribute value is the URL of the document to be displayed in this frame. A FRAME element without a SRC is displayed as blank space. The NAME element assigns a name to the frame to be used as a target of hyperlinks. (See the A element) The SCROLLING attribute is used to define whether the frame should have a scrollbar, and defaults to the value "auto". Presence of the NORESIZE attribute prevents the frame from being resized by the user.
Minimum Attributes
<FRAME>
All Possible Attributes
<FRAME SRC="..." NAME="..." MARGINWIDTH="..." MARGINHEIGHT="..." SCROLLING=yes|no|auto NORESIZE>
Elements Allowed Within...
The FRAME element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<FRAMESET>
Variations
The FRAME element is a Netscape 2.0 enhancement for defining multiple windows for viewing a document. Netscape 2.0 reserves the following values for the NAME attribute: _blank, _self, _parent, _top. These values must begin with the underbar character and have the following respective meanings: new unnamed window, load in the same window, load in the parent window (if none use self), load in the top window (if none use self). Netscape 2.0 defines the units for MARGINWIDTH and MARGINHEIGHT as pixels.

FRAMESET

Description
The FRAMESET element is used instead of the BODY element. It is used in an HTML document whose sole purpose is to define the layout of the sub-HTML documents, or Frames, that will make up the page. The ROWS and COLS values are comma-separated lists describing the row-heights and column-widths of the Frames.
Minimum Attributes
<FRAMESET>characters... </FRAMESET>
All Possible Attributes
<FRAMESET ROWS="..." COLS="...">characters... </FRAMESET>
Elements Allowed Within...
<FRAME> <FRAMESET> <NOFRAMES>
Allowed In Content Of...
<HTML>
Variations
The FRAMESET element is a Netscape 2.0 enhancement. Netscape 2.0 restricts the ROWS and COLS values to integers with an optional suffix to define the units. Default units are pixels. A percentsign suffix indicates the value is a percentage between 1 and 100. A suffix of an asterisk may be used to specify a number to be used as a multiplier of a "standard" width/height. This is used to specify the widths/heights of Frames proportionately relative to each other. If a number does not accompany the asterisk it defaults to one.

H1

Description
The H1 element identifies text to be separated and displayed as the most prominent header.
Minimum Attributes
<H1>characters... </H1>
All Possible Attributes
<H1 LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|center|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SEQNUM=nnn SKIP=nnn DINGBAT=entity-name SRC="..." MD="..." NOWRAP>characters... </H1>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group heading
Variations
RFC 1866 recommends that a document use the header elements in order, without breaks, beginning with H1. (ed: I have not identified a browser that enforces this.) The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Netscape 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right The ID attribute was proposed in HTML+ and Version 3 to replace the NAME attribute in the A element to establish internal hyperlink destinations. With the expected use of ID for style sheets, this is likely to change. All other attributes are proposed in Version 3. RFC 1866 states typical rendering is bold, very large font, centered; when printed causes a page break. Headings are Level 0 elements.

H2

Description
The H2 element identifies text to be separated and displayed less prominently than H1 but more prominently than H3.
Minimum Attributes
<H2>characters... </H2>
All Possible Attributes
<H2 LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." ALIGN=left|center|right|justify CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SEQNUM=nnn SKIP=nnn DINGBAT=entity-name SRC="..." MD="..." NOWRAP>characters... </H2>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group heading
Variations
RFC 1866 recommends that a document use the header elements in order, without breaks, beginning with H1. (ed: I have not identified a browser that enforces this.) The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Netscape 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right The ID attribute was proposed in HTML+ and Version 3 to replace the NAME attribute in the A element to establish internal hyperlink destinations. With the expected use of ID for style sheets, this is likely to change. All other attributes are proposed in Version 3. RFC 1866 states typical rendering is bold, large font, flush left. Headings are Level 0 elements.

H3

Description
The H3 element identifies text to be separated and displayed less prominently than H2 but more prominently than H4.
Minimum Attributes
<H3>characters... </H3>
All Possible Attributes
<H3 LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|center|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SEQNUM=nnn SKIP=nnn DINGBAT=entity-name SRC="..." MD="..." NOWRAP>characters... </H3>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group heading
Variations
RFC 1866 recommends that a document use the header elements in order, without breaks, beginning with H1. (ed: I have not identified a browser that enforces this.) The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Netscape 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right The ID attribute was proposed in HTML+ and Version 3 to replace the NAME attribute in the A element to establish internal hyperlink destinations. With the expected use of ID for style sheets, this is likely to change. All other attributes are proposed in Version 3. RFC 1866 states typical rendering is italic, large font, slightly indented. Headings are Level 0 elements.

H4

Description
The H4 element identifies text to be separated and displayed less prominently than H3 but more prominently than H5.
Minimum Attributes
<H4>characters... </H4>
All Possible Attributes
<H4 LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|center|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SEQNUM=nnn SKIP=nnn DINGBAT=entity-name SRC="..." MD="..." NOWRAP>characters... </H4>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group heading
Variations
RFC 1866 recommends that a document use the header elements in order, without breaks, beginning with H1. (ed: I have not identified a browser that enforces this.) The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Netscape 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right The ID attribute was proposed in HTML+ and Version 3 to replace the NAME attribute in the A element to establish internal hyperlink destinations. With the expected use of ID for style sheets, this is likely to change. All other attributes are proposed in Version 3. RFC 1866 states typical rendering is bold, normal font, indented more than H3. Headings are Level 0 elements.

H5

Description
The H5 element identifies text to be separated and displayed less prominently than H4 but more prominently than H6.
Minimum Attributes
<H5>characters... </H5>
All Possible Attributes
<H5 LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|center|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SEQNUM=nnn SKIP=nnn DINGBAT=entity-name SRC="..." MD="..." NOWRAP>characters... </H5>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group heading
Variations
RFC 1866 recommends that a document use the header elements in order, without breaks, beginning with H1. (ed: I have not identified a browser that enforces this.) The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Netscape 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right The ID attribute was proposed in HTML+ and Version 3 to replace the NAME attribute in the A element to establish internal hyperlink destinations. With the expected use of ID for style sheets, this is likely to change. All other attributes are proposed in Version 3. By default, Netscape uses a font size for H5 that is smaller than default text. For most other browsers, the font size for all headers is at least as large as the default text. RFC 1866 states typical rendering is italic, normal font, indented as H4. Headings are Level 0 elements.

H6

Description
The H6 element identifies text to be separated and displayed less prominently than H5 but more prominently than default text.
Minimum Attributes
<H6>characters... </H6>
All Possible Attributes
<H6 LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|center|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SEQNUM=nnn SKIP=nnn DINGBAT=entity-name SRC="..." MD="..." NOWRAP>characters... </H6>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group heading
Variations
RFC 1866 recommends that a document use the header elements in order, without breaks, beginning with H1. (ed: I have not identified a browser that enforces this.) The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Netscape 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right The ID attribute was proposed in HTML+ and Version 3 to replace the NAME attribute in the A element to establish internal hyperlink destinations. With the expected use of ID for style sheets, this is likely to change. All other attributes are proposed in Version 3. By default, Netscape uses a font size for H6 that is smaller than default text. For most other browsers, the font size for all headers is at least as large as the default text. RFC 1866 states typical rendering is bold, normal font, not indented. Headings are Level 0 elements.

HEAD

Description
The HEAD contains general information about the document. None of the elements authorized to exist in the contents of the HEAD are displayed; the displayed material is found within the BODY.
Minimum Attributes
All Possible Attributes
<HEAD LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl> </HEAD>
Elements Allowed Within...
<TITLE> <ISINDEX> <BASE> <META> <LINK> <NEXTID>
Allowed In Content Of...
<HTML>
Variations
The HTML, HEAD, and BODY elements were introduced with RFC 1866, and are currently optional, but are considered Level 0 elements. RFC 1866 recommends against permitting the NEXTID element in HEAD. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. Version 3 proposes the new elements of RANGE and STYLE as allowed within a HEAD.
Sandia Requirements
The HTML, HEAD and BODY elements are required.

HPn

Description
The HP set of elements, with n=1,2,... provided a mechanism to highlight the characters in a phrase with one of a set of browser defined highlight mechanisms.
Minimum Attributes
<HPn>characters... </HPn>
All Possible Attributes
<HPn>characters... </HPn>
Variations
HPn was an early idea about highlighting but is seldom used or implemented. RFC 1866 does not include these elements, and these elements should be considered obsolete.

HR

Description
The HR element produces a divider between sections of text.
Minimum Attributes
<HR>
All Possible Attributes
<HR DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=left|right|center|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SRC="..." MD="..." SIZE=number WIDTH=number|percent NOSHADE>
Elements Allowed Within...
The HR element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group body.content
Variations
RFC 1866 states that the HR element is typically rendered as a full width horizontal rule or equivalent graphic. The DIR attribute is introduced with the internationalization proposal since DIR can have meaning in those cases where the horizontal rule is not full width. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify The CLEAR, SRC, and MD attributes are proposed in Version 3. SRC is proposed to specify a custom image for the rule. Some browsers draw the line only within the current text margins (which may be indented on left and/or right due to lists, etc.) SIZE, WIDTH, ALIGN, and NOSHADE attributes are Netscape extensions, but Netscape 2.0 only implements ALIGN=center|left|right The HR element is Level 0.

HTML

Description
The HTML element is intended to bracket the entire HTML text in the document. All other HTML elements are inside the start and end of the HTML element.
Minimum Attributes
All Possible Attributes
<HTML VERSION="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl> </HTML>
Elements Allowed Within...
<HEAD> <BODY> <PLAINTEXT>
Allowed In Content Of...
The element HTML is the outermost element and should not be nested inside any element. RFC 1866 introduced the VERSION attribute. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal.
Variations
The HTML, HEAD, and BODY elements were introduced with RFC 1866, and are currently optional, but are considered Level 0 elements. RFC 1866 identifies the presence of the PLAINTEXT element within the HTML content as deprecated.
Sandia Requirements
The HTML, HEAD and BODY elements are required.

I

Description
The I element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to an italics (or slanted) font.
Minimum Attributes
<I>characters... </I>
All Possible Attributes
<I LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </I>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group font
Variations
Browsers who do not have italics may render in some other manner. RFC 1866 states that <B> content must be rendered as distinct from <I> content. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

IMG

Description
The IMG element allows an image file to be inserted within an HTML document along with the text. The ALT attribute defines parsed character data that will be displayed if the image is not or cannot be displayed by the browser. The SRC attribute identifies a URL for retrieving the image. The ISMAP attribute is only meaningful if the IMG element is within the contents of an A element, and a responding cgi-bin program has been established at the URL identified by the HREF attribute of the A element. If a single A element spans both an image and text, the cgi-bin program will receive the HREF input values, if any, if the text is selected, or the x,y cursor pixel coordinates relative to 0,0 as the the upper-left corner of the image if the image is selected.
Minimum Attributes
<IMG SRC="...">
All Possible Attributes
<IMG SRC="..." ALT="..." ISMAP LANG="..." DIR=lrt|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." MD="..." ALIGN=bottom|middle|top|left|right|texttop|absmiddle|baseline|absbottom HEIGHT=value WIDTH=value UNITS="..." BORDER=value LOWSRC="..." HSPACE=value VSPACE=value USEMAP="..." DYNSRC="..." START=fileopen|mouseover CONTROLS LOOP=number|INFINITE|-1 LOOPDELAY=number>
Elements Allowed Within...
The IMG element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The attributes BORDER, HEIGHT, WIDTH, HSPACE, VSPACE, and LOWSRC are Netscape 1.1 extensions. The attributes DYNSRC, START, CONTROLS, LOOP, and LOOPDELAY are MS Internet Explorer 2.0 extensions. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal and relate to the value of the ALT attribute. Version 3 proposes adding the WIDTH and HEIGHT attributes. RFC 1866 defines only bottom|middle|top as values for the ALIGN attribute. The additional values for the ALIGN attribute are Netscape extensions, and include the capability to define floating images. Version 3 proposes adding only the (left|right) values for ALIGN to identify images that imply that text can float around the image. Some image capable browsers will display the ALT text until the full image is retrieved. RFC 1866 states that Level 0 conformance must accept the element, but Level 1 conformance is required before it displays the image. Version 3 proposes the UNITS attribute for use by the WIDTH and HEIGHT attributes to define units other than pixels. RFC 1866 states that an IMG element with an ISMAP element must only exist in the content of an A element with an HREF attribute. Version 3 proposes a FIG element as an advanced alternative to the IMG element, for more sophisticated multi-part overlay images, more control over text that is the equivalent of ALT, and with a proposed SHAPE attribute on the A element a method to perform the common use of the ISMAP attribute without the need for a responding cgi-bin program. The USEMAP is part of an alternate proposal for client-side image mapes. It is implemented as a Netscape 2.0 extension. USEMAP specifies a URL with a "#NAME" suffix to identify a file and MAP name, and is used with the MAP element. DYNSRC is defined by MS Internet Explorer 2.0 as the address of a video clip or VRML world to be displayed if your browser is capable, otherwise display SRC. START is defined by MS Internet Explorer 2.0 as when the videoclip or VRML world is to be displayed. If START=mouseover, the SRC image is displayed until the mouse cursor is over that image. CONTROLS is defined by MS Internet Explorer 2.0 as displaying a set of controls under the animation. LOOP is defined by MS Internet Explorer 2.0 as how many times a video clip will loop when activated. If LOOP=-1 or LOOP=INFINITE, it will loop indefinately. LOOPDELAY is defined by MS Internet Explorer 2.0 as how long, in milliseconds, a video clip will wait between replays.
Sandia Requirements
The ALT attribute and a value describing the image is required. If known, the BORDER, HEIGHT, and WIDTH attributes are recommended as they improve download performance on some browsers. If used, the HEIGHT and WIDTH attributes shall specify the actual size of the stored image in pixels.

INPUT

Description
The INPUT element is used to specify a simple input field as part of the contents in a FORM element. TYPE=text is default. NAME defines the symbolic name of the field returned to the server on submission and must be present for all but TYPE=submit|reset. For TYPE=checkbox|radio, multiple INPUT elements may have the same NAME value. TYPE=radio insures that exactly one choice amongst INPUT elements with the same NAME value is selected at all times. VALUE is used to specify a default. For TYPE=text|password VALUE defines default text to be returned, which normally is null. For TYPE=password the value should be obscured as it is entered. For TYPE=checkbox|radio VALUE defines the value returned when the checkbox or radio is selected, which defaults to "on" For TYPE=submit|reset VALUE defines the label for the pushbutton. Multiple TYPE=submit should have different NAME values to identify which submission button was selected. CHECKED defaults the specific checkbox or radio INPUT to selected. For TYPE=radio the default element checked is the first among those with the same NAME value. TYPE=image defines an image, whose URLis identified by the SRC attribute, which, when clicked, performs the form submission and sends the X,Y coordinates of the click, similar to ISMAP in the IMG element. SIZE and MAXLENGTH are only used with TYPE=text|password. SIZE is the physical size of the displayed input field expressed in characters or characters,rows. MAXLENGTH is the maximum number of characters that are accepted as input.
Minimum Attributes
<INPUT>
All Possible Attributes
<INPUT TYPE="text | password | checkbox | radio | submit | reset | hidden | image | file | range | scribble | jot" LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." NAME="..." VALUE="..." SRC="..." CHECKED SIZE="..." MAXLENGTH=number ALIGN=top|middle|bottom|left|right ACCEPT="..." DISABLED ERROR="..." MIN=number MAX=number MD="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
The INPUT element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<FORM>
Variations
RFC 1866 defines the TYPE attribute values of text|password|checkbox|radio|submit|reset|hidden|image The <TEXTAREA> element should be used instead of this INPUT element for multiline input areas. TYPE=hidden VALUE="..." is recognized by some browsers, and is used to submit fixed information not entered by the user. Note that RFC 1866 sets a max limit of 1024 characters on VALUE. RFC 1866 only defines ALIGN=top|middle|bottom

RFC 1867 defines a mechanism for FORM-based file upload. It defines the value file for the TYPE attribute and defines a new ACCEPT attribute. Specifying TYPE=file permits attaching one or more local files to the submitted output. The browser may permit the user to specify multiple file names in response to a single INPUT element with TYPE=file ACCEPT is a list of media types or type patterns allowed for input. The valid ACCEPT values and meaning of those values is platform dependent. The value for the VALUE attribute specifies a default file name. The browser must ask for confirmation before sending any file based on the default file name. A value for the SIZE attribute of "width,height" would specify a default filename width for the input display and height sufficient to show some number of files. A value for the MAXLENGTH attribute specifies a maximum Content-Length (in bytes) which the responding server is likely to accept for transferred files. Including an INPUT element with TYPE=file requires also specifying ENCTYPE="multipart/form-data" METHOD=post on the enclosing FORM element. If the FORM does not specify this ENCTYPE, the behavior is unspecified and the file transfer is likely to be rejected by the responding server. Netscape 2.0 implements FORM-based file upload.

The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. Version 3 proposes the additional TYPE attribute values of range|scribble. A beta version of Netscape includes a TYPE attribute value of jot which is similar to scribble. Version 3 proposes the additional DISABLED, ERROR, MIN, MAX, and MD attributes. The Version 3 proposed TYPE=range uses the proposed MIN and MAX attributes to specify limits to numeric (real or integer) input. The proposed default value is halfway between MIN and MAX. The Version 3 proposed TYPE=scribble is to allow the user to scribble with a pointing device on top of the image specified with the SRC attribute. The Version 3 proposed DISABLED attribute would display this INPUT, but prohibit user entry/modification. The Version 3 proposed ERROR attribute defines text to be displayed in the event that the entered value for this INPUT is invalid. All elements concerning FORM are Level 2.


INS

Description
The INS element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent inserted text, for instance in modifications in legal documents.
Minimum Attributes
<INS>characters... </INS>
All Possible Attributes
<INS LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </INS>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The INS element is a Version 3 proposed element. All character definition elements are Level 2.

ISINDEX

Description
This element appears to be a precursor to the <FORM> element which has more features. When placed in the BODY of the document, it requires the ACTION attribute to point to a cgi-bin program which can handle the query, and produces a simple INPUT field with a prompt of: "This is a searchable index. Enter search keywords:" When placed in the HEAD of the document, it informs the browser that the document is an index document and can be examined using a keyword search. The ISINDEX element is usually generated automatically by a server-side script.
Minimum Attributes
<ISINDEX>
All Possible Attributes
<ISINDEX LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ACTION="..." PROMPT="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
The ISINDEX element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
the element <HEAD> and any element that permits members of the group block.forms
Variations
ISINDEX is a Level 0 element. The new, more sophisticated FORM element is now used more widely. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. Version 3 proposes the PROMPT attribute. The PROMPT attribute is a Netscape extension.

KBD

Description
The KBD element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent text entered as keyboard input.
Minimum Attributes
<KBD>characters... </KBD>
All Possible Attributes
<KBD LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </KBD>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of the group phrase
Variations
While intended to be distinguishable from CODE, so that input and output would be different, most browsers render this the same as CODE, simply as a fixed-width font. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

LANG

Description
The LANG element is used to change the default LANG context for subsequent elements from the current default. A LANG attribute on an element overrides this default LANG context for the content of that particular element.
Minimum Attributes
<LANG>characters... </LANG>
All Possible Attributes
<LANG ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </LANG>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The LANG element is a Version 3 proposed element. All character definition elements are Level 2.

LH

Description
The LH element defines a list header used as a title for a list. Browsers can use this in place of the full list when a mechanism is provided to fold and unfold nested lists.
Minimum Attributes
<LH>characters... </LH>
All Possible Attributes
<LH LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </LH>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<DL> <OL> <UL>
Variations
The LH element is proposed in Version 3 as an optional element at the beginning of some lists. It is expected that browsers may render this element in a different style/font than the list itself.

LI

Description
The LI element defines a list item. It is rendered differently depending upon the list within which it appears.
Minimum Attributes
<LI>characters...
All Possible Attributes
<LI LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=center|left|right|justify within ULTYPE=disk|circle|square within OLTYPE=A|a|I|i|i within OLVALUE=n>characters...</LI>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of groups text block
Allowed In Content Of...
<DIR> <MENU> <OL> <UL>
Variations
The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify The TYPE and VALUE attributes are Netscape extensions. The validity of their presence and possible values depends on the particular list entity of which this is a list item. Most browsers assume the list item ends with the beginning of the next list item or the end of the list and do not require the closing tag </LI> All list elements are Level 0.

LINK

Description
The LINK element is used to indicate a relationship between this document and other documents or objects. Multiple LINK elements may exist in a document. A LINK in document A with an HREF to document/object B with REL=relation identifies a relationship that B has to A that A recognizes/authorizes/verifies. A LINK in document B with an HREF to document/object A with REV=relation that is the identical relation identifies a desired/expected/claimed relationship of B to document/object A, but must be verified by checking with A. For further description of the LINK attributes, see the A element.
Minimum Attributes
<LINK HREF="..." >
All Possible Attributes
<LINK HREF="..." REL="..." REV="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl CHARSET="..." URN="..." TITLE="..." METHODS="..." >
Elements Allowed Within...
The LINK element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<HEAD>
Variations
The LANG, DIR and CHARSET attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The CHARSET attribute is a hint as to the expected character set used by the hyperlink. Some browsers will expect a LINK REV relationship of "made" to be a "mailto:name@e-mail_address" to facilitate sending comments to the person that made the document. Contrary to the specification of the standard, this seems to only work if "made" is the only relationship in that LINK element. In addition to those mentioned with the A element, Version 3 reserves some relations for REL that are expected to be used for document specific toolbars. Currently these include Home, ToC, Index, Glossary, Copyright, Up, Next, Previous, Help, Bookmark. Version 3 also discusses relations for a document banner and style sheets. LINK is a Level 0 element.
Sandia Requirements
A LINK element in the HEAD to identify the owner of the document responsible for its accuracy is required by Sandia's automated Web tools:
<LINK REV="owns" TITLE="Full Name" HREF="mailto:owner-e-mail@sandia.gov">

LINK elements are also recommended to identify other individuals and their relationships to this document. The REV value of made should be used to identify the author of the document. Suggested values for REV in additional LINK elements are: approves, editor, publisher.

Large documents which are separated into smaller HTML subdocuments should use the LINK element with the REL attribute to identify these relationships. The parent document should identify all subdocuments by:
<LINK REL="Subdocument" TITLE="Subdoc Name" HREF="link-url">
The subdocument may identify its parent by:
<LINK REV="Subdocument" TITLE="Maindoc Name" HREF="link-url">
Any Sandia document which is part of a set of HTML subdocuments which form a sequence or hierarchy should include two specific LINK elements identifying the REL values of next and previous. Only one next and one previous relationship may be specified in a document.

Any of the other document relationships mentioned in this Reference Manual may also be used.


LISTING

Description
The LISTING element defined a separated multi-line set of text to be rendered as it exists in the source document with the same line breaks.
Minimum Attributes
<LISTING>characters... </LISTING>
All Possible Attributes
<LISTING WIDTH="..." >characters... </LISTING>
Elements Allowed Within...
The only markup recognized is the LISTING ending element.
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group block
Variations
Most browsers use fixed-width characters for LISTING text. This element existed in Version 0 and has been replaced by the <PRE> element. RFC 1866 states that the content of the LISTING element should be rendered so that at least 132 characters fit on a line. RFC 1866 has declared LISTING as deprecated and some current browsers no longer recognize it.

MAP

Description
The MAP element is used to name and describe a client-side image map. This is a set of areas defined on an image which can be selected for hyperlinks. NAME defines the map name to be used with the USEMAP attribute on an IMG element.
Minimum Attributes
<MAP NAME="..."></MAP>
All Possible Attributes
<MAP NAME="..."></MAP>
Elements Allowed Within...
<AREA>
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The MAP element is part of a proposed enhancement to provide client-side image maps. It is implemented in Netscape 2.0.

MARQUEE

Description
The MARQUEE element defines an area in which visual scrolling will be used to display the content of the element.
Minimum Attributes
<MARQUEE>characters... </MARQUEE>
All Possible Attributes
<MARQUEE ALIGN=top|middle|bottom BEHAVIOR=scroll|slide|alternate BGCOLOR=#rrggbb|colorname DIRECTION=left|right HEIGHT=number|number% HSPACE=number LOOP=number|INFINITE|-1 SCROLLAMOUNT=number SCROLLDELAY=number VSPACE=number>characters... </MARQUEE>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The MARQUEE element is a MS Internet Explorer 2.0 enhancement. Based on the description it might be assumed that only parsed character data may be in the content of the MARQUEE element. The ALIGN attribute defines the location of the text within the marquee. The BEHAVIOR attribute determines whether the text will scroll completely in and completely off (the default), slide in and stay, or bounce between alternate sides of the marquee. The BGCOLOR attribute defines the background color for the marquee, which is specified as an "#rrggbb" number, or the following color names: Black, Maroon, Green, Olive, Navy, Purple, Teal, Gray, Silver, Red, Lime, Yellow, Blue, Fuchsia, Aqua, White. The DIRECTION attribute specifies the direction towards which the text should flow. The HEIGHT attribute specifies the height of the marquee, either in pixels or with a percentsign character suffix to define a percentage of the entire screen height. The HSPACE and VSPACE attributes are specified in pixels and define the amount to separate the marquee from surrounding text. The LOOP attribute specifies how many times the text will loop. If LOOP=-1 or LOOP=INFINITE, the text will loop indefinately. The SCROLLAMOUNT specifies the number of pixels and the SCROLLDELAY specifies the number of milliseconds between each successive draw of the marquee text.

MENU

Description
The MENU element defines an unordered list consisting of a number of separated multi-line <LI> elements which may or may not be marked by a bullet or similar symbol.
Minimum Attributes
<MENU></MENU>
All Possible Attributes
<MENU COMPACT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=center|left|right|justify> </MENU>
Elements Allowed Within...
element <LI> but not any member of group block
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group list
Variations
This list type is often rendered identically to UL. RFC 1866 states that while similar to the UL element, MENU is typically rendered in a more compact manner. The COMPACT attribute of the UL element is more often used than this MENU element. The exclusion in RFC 1866 of group block within MENU implies (among other things) that MENU can contain no nested lists, nor any paragraphs even though the LI element normally would allow this. Some browsers do not enforce this exclusion. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify By adding the PLAIN attribute to eliminate the bullets to the UL element, Version 3 proposes to remove the MENU element. All list elements are Level 0.

META

Description
The META element is used within the HEAD element to embed document meta-information not defined by other HTML elements. Such information may be extracted by servers/browsers. The HTTP-EQUIV attribute binds the element to an HTTP response header. If not present, the NAME attribute should be used to identify this meta-information and it should not be used within an HTTP response header. If the NAME attribute is not present, the name can be assumed equal to the value of HTTP-EQUIV. The CONTENT attribute defines the meta-information content to be associated with the given name and/or HTTP response header.
Minimum Attributes
<META CONTENT="..." >
All Possible Attributes
<META HTTP-EQUIV="..." NAME="..." CONTENT="..." URL="..." >
Elements Allowed Within...
The META element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<HEAD>
Variations
The META element was introduced in RFC 1866 and is a Level 1 element. RFC 1866 specifies that a series of META elements with the same name is equivalent to a single element with the combined contents concatenated as a comma-separated list. One proposal for specific information in the META element involves including a PICS label. The URL attribute is a Netscape extension. Netscape 1.1 has added a automatic refresh capability using the META element by setting the HTTP-EQUIV attribute to "REFRESH", the CONTENT attribute to a number of seconds, and the URL attribute to the file to load which defaults to reloading the same file. Netscape 1.1 also recognizes placing the URL inside the quotes which define the CONTENT value by using a semicolon following the number of seconds, then the URL=http://... text.
Sandia Requirements
Two META elements are required to identify specific information for Sandia's automated Web tools.
<META NAME="REVIEW" CONTENT="DD MMM YYYY">
<META HTTP-EQUIV="KEYWORDS" CONTENT="key1, key2, key3">
For large documents split into multiple HTML subdocuments, these META elements should only be included in the HTML document that is the parent of all the subdocuments, usually the Introduction or Table of Contents document.

NEXTID

Description
The single attribute N= provides the next available identifier for use by automatic hypertext editors. If the NEXTID element is manually entered, it should be alphabetical to avoid conflict with such editors.
Minimum Attributes
<NEXTID N="..." >
All Possible Attributes
<NEXTID N="..." >
Elements Allowed Within...
The NEXTID element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<HEAD>
Variations
RFC 1866 recommends that NEXTID not be used. NEXTID is a Level 0 element.

NOBR

Description
All text between the start and end of the NOBR elements cannot have line breaks inserted between them.
Minimum Attributes
<NOBR>characters... </NOBR>
All Possible Attributes
<NOBR>characters... </NOBR>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The NOBR element is a Netscape 1.1 extension.

NOEMBED

Description
The NOEMBED element defines content within EMBED content that is to be ignored by browsers that can activiate the EMBED plug-in application. Browsers that can't/won't activate the EMBED plug-in but that understand the EMBED/NOEMBED elements or browsers that do not understand the EMBED/NOEMBED elements will display the NOEMBED content.
Minimum Attributes
<NOEMBED>characters... </NOEMBED>
All Possible Attributes
<NOEMBED>characters... </NOEMBED>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<EMBED>
Variations
The NOEMBED element is a Netscape 2.0 enhancement to support application specific plug-ins.

NOFRAMES

Description
The NOFRAMES element defines content within FRAMESET content that is to be ignored by browsers that can define Frames. Browsers that can't/won't define Frames but that understand the FRAMESET/NOFRAMES elements or browsers that do not understand the FRAMESET/NOFRAMES elements will display the NOFRAMES content.
Minimum Attributes
<NOFRAMES>characters... </NOFRAMES>
All Possible Attributes
<NOFRAMES>characters... </NOFRAMES>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
<FRAMESET>
Variations
The NOFRAMES element is a part of the Netscape 2.0 enhancement to define multiple Frames for viewing documents. It appears that Netscape 2.0 permits any element of group body.content in the content of the NOFRAMES element.

NOTE

Description
The NOTE element changes the rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent separated notational text. The SRC attribute specifies an image to appear preceding the note.
Minimum Attributes
<NOTE>characters... </NOTE>
All Possible Attributes
<NOTE LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." SRC="..." MD="..."</NOTE>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The NOTE element is a Version 3 proposed element. It is expected to typically be rendered indented, without a preceding bullet, symbol, or other graphic. Accompanying style guides are expected to define renderings associated with specific CLASS values. NOTE, CAUTION, and WARNING are expected values for the CLASS attribute.

OL

Description
The OL element defines an ordered list consisting of a number of separated multi-line <LI> elements, and ordered numerically in some way.
Minimum Attributes
<OL></OL>
All Possible Attributes
<OL COMPACT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=center|left|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." CONTINUE SEQNUM=value START=value TYPE=A|a|I|i|1></OL>
Elements Allowed Within...
<LH> <LI>
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of the group list
Variations
The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Version 3 proposes the CLEAR attribute. The CONTINUE attribute is proposed by Version 3 to continue the numbering from where the previous OL list left off. The SEQNUM attribute is proposed by Version 3 to define a starting number for the list. START is a Netscape extension to do the same thing as SEQNUM. The TYPE attribute is a Netscape extension. Version 3 proposes using associated style sheets and the CLASS attribute to handle these, and other, options to numbering style. All list elements are Level 0.

OPTION

Description
The OPTION element identifies a choice in a SELECT element, which in turn is part of the contents of a FORM element. SELECTED specifies that this option is selected by default. If SELECT allows MULTIPLE, then multiple options may be SELECTED. If the VALUE attribute it not present and the OPTION is selected, the OPTION contents is returned upon submission of the FORM. If the VALUE attribute is present and the OPTION is selected, the value of the VALUE attribute is returned instead of the contents.
Minimum Attributes
<OPTION>characters...
All Possible Attributes
<OPTION SELECTED VALUE="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." DISABLED ERROR="..." SHAPE="..." >characters... </OPTION>
Elements Allowed Within...
The OPTION element may only contain parsed character data.
Allowed In Content Of...
<SELECT>
Variations
The DISABLED attribute was part of an early Version 2 proposal, but is not defined in RFC 1866. It is defined in Version 3, and would display this OPTION, but prohibit user selection/deselection. RFC 1866 sets a max limit of 1024 characters on VALUE. Version 3 proposes the ERROR and SHAPE attributes. The Version 3 proposed ERROR attribute defines text to be displayed in the event that selectiing this OPTION is invalid. The Version 3 proposed SHAPE attribute defines the shape of the "hotspot" on the imgage defined by the SRC attribute of the surrounding SELECT element. The proposed values of SHAPE are: "default", "circle x,y,r", "rect x,y,w,h", and "polygon x1,y1,x2,y2,...". All elements concerning FORM are Level 2.

OVERLAY

Description
The OVERLAY element is used to overlay one or more images on top of a FIG image. The X and Y attributes identify the offsets from the top left of the FIG where the top left of the overlay will be placed.
Minimum Attributes
<OVERLAY SRC="...">
All Possible Attributes
<OVERLAY SRC="..." MD="..." UNITS=pixels|en X=value Y=value WIDTH=value HEIGHT=value IMAGEMAP="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
The OVERLAY element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<FIG>
Variations
The OVERLAY element is proposed in Version 3 as part of the FIG construct. It is designed to take advantage of the caching system of most browsers for a series of similar images which may only differ by an overlay and the rest is already in cache.

P

Description
The P element is used to denote a paragraph break, and separates two blocks of text. Many other elements automatically imply a text separation, such as headings, list elements, blockquotes, etc.
Minimum Attributes
<P>characters...
All Possible Attributes
<P ALIGN=center|left|right|justify|indent WRAP=on|off NOWRAP CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </P>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group block
Variations
In Version 1, the <P> element was a separator and the </P> element was not defined. RFC 1866 changed the concept to a container and introduced the optional </P> element. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. HTML+ introduced the ALIGN attribute and is the only proposal to mention the indent value. The internationalization proposal includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Netscape 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right and MS Internet Explorer 2.0 implements ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Version 3 does not currently include indent as an option for ALIGN. The CLEAR attribute is proposed in Version 3 to deal with text able to float around an image defined with the IMG element. HTML+ introduced the ID attribute to replace the NAME attribute in the A element to establish internal hyperlink destinations. With the expected use of ID for style sheets, this is likely to change. HTML+ proposed WRAP to turn off automatic word wrap, making it possible to leave text as it appears in the source. Version 3 replaces the WRAP attribute and values with the NOWRAP attribute. The P element is Level 0.

PARAM

Description
The PARAM element is a mechanism to define general purpose parameters to be passed to APPLET applications. NAME is the name of the parameter and VALUE will be obtained by the applet with the getParameter() method.
Minimum Attributes
<PARAM NAME="..." VALUE="...">
All Possible Attributes
<PARAM NAME="..." VALUE="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
The PARAM element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<APPLET>
Variations
The PARAM element is a proposed extension for JAVA(tm) applications.

PERSON

Description
The PERSON element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent the name of people to allow these to be extracted automatically by indexing programs.
Minimum Attributes
<PERSON>characters... </PERSON>
All Possible Attributes
<PERSON LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </PERSON>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The PERSON element is a Version 3 proposed element. All character definition elements are Level 2.

PLAINTEXT

Description
The PLAINTEXT element defined a separated multi-line set of text to be rendered as it exists in the source document with the same line breaks. It was designed to ignore all subsequent HTML tags. Therefore, it was always last in a document, allowing the remainder of the document to be presented as text.
Minimum Attributes
<PLAINTEXT>characters... </PLAINTEXT>
All Possible Attributes
<PLAINTEXT WIDTH="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl>characters... </PLAINTEXT>
Elements Allowed Within...
Only the PLAINTEXT ending element is recognized as an element inside of PLAINTEXT content, all else is treated as character data.
Allowed In Content Of...
<HTML>
Variations
Most browsers use fixed-width characters for PLAINTEXT text. A few browsers accepted the ending element, which meant that the ending element could not exist in the text. The RFC 1866 DTD specifies that the ending element can exist and implies that a browser should recognize the ending element but accept everything else as just text. It also prohibits it from being nested inside any element but the outer HTML element itself. Comments in RFC 1866 state that PLAINTEXT has no ending element and all characters after the start element are data. This element existed in Version 0 and has been replaced by the <PRE> element. RFC 1866 has declared PLAINTEXT as deprecated and some current browsers no longer recognize it. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal.

PRE

Description
The PRE element defines a separated multi-line set of text to be rendered as it exists in the source document with the same line breaks and spaces. Normal text removes multiple spaces and line breaks in the source.
Minimum Attributes
<PRE>characters... </PRE>
All Possible Attributes
<PRE WIDTH=number LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." >characters... </PRE>
Elements Allowed Within...
elements <A> <HR> <BR> and parsed character data
Allowed In Content Of...
Any entity that permits members of group block
Variations
RFC 1866 states that the content of PRE is intended to be formatted with a monospaced font. For backwards compatibility with some existing documents, RFC 1866 encourages browsers to accept the <P> element in the PRE content and treat it as if it were the <BR> element. While RFC 1866 states that within PRE content the tab character should position to the next 8 character boundary, it recommends that HTML documents not contain the tab character. Version 3 encourages using the proposed TAB element instead. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. One typical use of PRE has been for tables, but the Version 3 TABLE element is proposed to fulfill that requirement. The CLEAR attribute is proposed in Version 3. RFC 1866 states that the attribute WIDTH specifies the maximum number of characters for a line. Some browsers have interpreted this as specifying the minimum number of characters that the browser should try to insure are displayed on a single line, possibly by selecting a smaller font size. Many browsers ignore the WIDTH attribute, and Version 3 is discussing the possibility of removing it. The PRE element is Level 0.

Q

Description
The Q element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent a short quotation.
Minimum Attributes
<Q>characters... </Q>
All Possible Attributes
<Q LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </Q>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The Q element was a Version 3 proposed element and is part of the internationalization proposal. It is intended to be shown enclosed in the kind of quotations marks appropriate to the LANG language context. All character definition elements are Level 2.

S

Description
The S element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a font with a strikeout line through the letters.
Minimum Attributes
<S>characters... </S>
All Possible Attributes
<S LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </S>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The S element is proposed in Version 3. This replaces the STRIKE element which was in a early Version 2 proposal but is not in RFC 1866. All character definition elements are Level 2.

SAMP

Description
The SAMP element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent a sequence of literal characters.
Minimum Attributes
<SAMP>characters... </SAMP>
All Possible Attributes
<SAMP LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </SAMP>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of the group phrase
Variations
This is usually rendered with a fixed-width font. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

SELECT

Description
The SELECT element defines a menu of a series of selectable input in a FORM, each identified with the OPTION element. At least one OPTION element is expected within the SELECT contents. NAME is the symbolic name of the field returned to the server on submission. SIZE determines the number of OPTIONS physically visible when the browser displays the FORM. The default selection will be the first OPTION in the SELECT contents. The MULTIPLE attribute, if present, allows multiple selections, and causes no OPTION to be the default.
Minimum Attributes
<SELECT NAME="...">characters... </SELECT>
All Possible Attributes
<SELECT NAME="..." SIZE=value MULTIPLE LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." ALIGN=top|middle|bottom|left|right DISABLED ERROR="..." SRC="..." MD="..." WIDTH=value HEIGHT=value UNITS=pixels|em>characters... </SELECT>
Elements Allowed Within...
element <OPTION> Note that the elements <INPUT> <SELECT> <TEXTAREA> are expressly prohibited by RFC 1866 from being nested within the SELECT element content
Allowed In Content Of...
<FORM>
Variations
The ERROR attribute without a value was first introduced in an early Version 2 proposal but is not in RFC 1866. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. Version 3 proposes the ALIGN, DISABLED, ERROR (with a value), SRC, MD, WIDTH, HEIGHT, and UNITS attributes. The Version 3 proposed DISABLED attribute would display this menu, but prohibit user entry/modification. The Version 3 proposed ERROR attribute defines text to be displayed in the event that the current selections for this menu are invalid. Version 3 proposes a SRC attribute to identify a URL for an image to be displayed instead of the OPTION texts for this menu, with each OPTION element identifying its "hotspot" on this image. If SRC is present, the texts would only be used for non-graphical browsers. All elements concerning FORM are Level 2.

SMALL

Description
The SMALL element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a smaller font than normal text, if practical.
Minimum Attributes
<SMALL>characters... </SMALL>
All Possible Attributes
<SMALL LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </SMALL>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The SMALL element is proposed in Version 3. This element is a Netscape 2.0 extension. All character definition elements are Level 2.

SPAN

Description
The SPAN element is a generic container to set language characteristics for its content.
Minimum Attributes
<SPAN>characters... </SPAN>
All Possible Attributes
<SPAN LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl>characters... </SPAN>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The SPAN element is a part of the internationalization proposal.

STRIKE

Description
The STRIKE element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a font with a strikeout line through the letters.
Minimum Attributes
<STRIKE>characters... </STRIKE>
All Possible Attributes
<STRIKE>characters... </STRIKE>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
This was an early Version 2 proposed element but is not in RFC 1866. (ed: This appears to be an undocumented extension which works in Netscape 1.1. Anyone try this with other browsers?) This is replaced in Version 3 with the <S> element.

STRONG

Description
The STRONG element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically strengthen the text.
Minimum Attributes
<STRONG>characters... </STRONG>
All Possible Attributes
<STRONG LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </STRONG>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group phrase
Variations
This is usually rendered as bold. RFC 1866 states that <EM> content must be rendered as distinct from <STRONG> content. <STRONG> is intended to be stronger than <EM>. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

SUB

Description
The SUB element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a subscripted position.
Minimum Attributes
<SUB>characters... </SUB>
All Possible Attributes
<SUB LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </SUB>
Elements Allowed Within...
parsed character data
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The SUB element was in an early Version 2 proposal and is part of the internationalization proposal, but is not in RFC 1866. No font size change was implied in Version 2 nor is any specified as part of the internationalization proposal since it may not make sense in non-English languages. The internationalization proposal explicitly restricts the content to parsed character data to prevent nesting of SUB and SUP. This element is a Netscape 2.0 extension which renders the text in a slightly smaller font. All character definition elements are Level 2.

SUP

Description
The SUP element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a superscripted position.
Minimum Attributes
<SUP>characters... </SUP>
All Possible Attributes
<SUP LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </SUP>
Elements Allowed Within...
parsed character data
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group text
Variations
The SUP element was in an early Version 2 proposal and is part of the internationalization proposal, but is not in RFC 1866. No font size change was implied in Version 2 nor is any specified as part of the internationalization proposal since it may not make sense in non-English languages. The internationalization proposal explicitly restricts the content to parsed character data to prevent nesting of SUB and SUP. This element is a Netscape 2.0 extension which renders the text in a slightly smaller font. All character definition elements are Level 2.

TAB

Description
The TAB element aligns the following text according to a defined horizontal position. A TAB position can be defined by the ID attribute. Text is positioned using the TO and/or ALIGN attributes, or the INDENT attribute.
Minimum Attributes
<TAB>characters...
All Possible Attributes
<TAB ID="..." INDENT=ens TO="..." ALIGN=left|center|right|decimal DP="...">characters...
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The TAB element is proposed in Version 3.

TABLE

Description
The TABLE element defines a series of rows of table cell elements. The contents of the TABLE element contains a sequence of elements which describe various parts of the table. The order in the sequence is important and consists of: at most one CAPTION element, possibly some COL or possibly some COLGROUP elements, at most one THEAD element, at most one TFOOT element, and finally at least one TBODY element or at least one TR element.
Minimum Attributes
<TABLE></TABLE>
All Possible Attributes
<TABLE LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|bleedleft|bleedright WIDTH="..." COLS=number BORDER="..." FRAME=void|above|below|hsides|lhs|rhs|vsides|box|border RULES=none|basic|rows|cols|all CELLSPACING="..." CELLPADDING="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." NOFLOW UNITS=en|relative|pixels COLSPEC="..." DP="..." NOWRAP></TABLE>
Elements Allowed Within...
<CAPTION> <COL> <COLGROUP> <THEAD> <TFOOT> <TBODY> <TR>
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group block
Variations
The TABLE element is part of a comprehensive new proposed standard tables structure. It is partially implemented in some browsers. The proposal has undergone numerous changes. Some broswers implemented features in early versions of the proposal which did not survive in the final proposal. Consistent with the nature of HTML, the proposal defines the logical contents of cells and their row/column location, rather than a physical layout which is left as a function of the browser. Details of the appearence of the table, along with the size of margins around cells, even perhaps ruling and shading, might be controlled by associated style sheets, proposed in Version 3. The current proposal expects text to flow around a table, if possible. It suggests using the BR element with a CLEAR attribute after the table element if the author wishes to avoid text flowing along side the table. Although the CLEAR attribute is not currently a standardized part of HTML, the tables proposal does not include text to standardize the attribute's existence.

The ALIGN attribute specifies the table position relative to the window. The WIDTH attribute specifies the entire table width, and defaults to 100%. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition the suffix of a percentsign may be used to specify the percentage width of the space between the current left and right margins. The COLS attribute specifies the total number of columns in the table and aids the browser in determining the initial display and layout of the table. The BORDER attribute controls frame width around the table and FRAME defines which parts of the frame to include. For BORDER, the default units is pixels, but may be specified by one of the standard defined units suffixes. BORDER=0 implies FRAME=none, and BORDER without a value implies FRAME=border. The RULES attribute defines the presence or absence of rulings between all rows and columns in this table. The CELLSPACING attribute defines spacing between cells and CELLPADDING defines spacing within cells.

The TABLE element has been partially implemented in Netscape 1.1 and MS Internet Explorer 2.0. The COL, COLGROUP, THEAD, and TFOOT elements are new and not yet implemented. The FRAME and RULES attributes are new and not yet implemented. The values justify|bleedleft|bleedright for the ALIGN attribute are Netscape 1.1 extensions. The attribute COLSPEC was from an earlier version of the proposal and is replaced by the COL and COLGROUP elements. The attribute DP is from an earlier version of the proposal and was used with a value of decimal on the ALIGN attribute. It has been replaced with the CHAR and CHAROFF attributes used when ALIGN=char which are defined for all table grouping elements except TABLE. The attributes CLEAR, NOFLOW, UNITS, and NOWRAP are Netscape 1.1 extensions. Netscape 1.1 defines WIDTH as having a value of either a number of pixels or a number followed by a percentsign to define a desired width of the table which may be overridden by the browser. It defines percentsign to specify the percentage of the entire window, instead of the current margins.


TBODY

Description
The TBODY element encloses a series of table row definitions and specifies the defaults for all the rows in this group. Table rows are grouped inside the TABLE content into at most one THEAD, at most one TFOOT, and at least one TBODY sections, in that order. Depending on the capabilities of the browser, this sectioning can be used to repeat table head and foot rows when breaking tables across page boundaries, or to provide fixed headers above and footers below a scrollable body panel, or other similar rendering schemes.
Minimum Attributes
<TBODY>
All Possible Attributes
<TBODY LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|char CHAR="..." CHAROFF="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline>characters...</TBODY>
Elements Allowed Within...
TR
Allowed In Content Of...
TABLE
Variations
The TBODY element is a part of the latest table proposal. This TBODY element is new and not widely implemented. Both the starting and ending elements are optional for this element. This implies that a TABLE with only one TBODY does not require the TBODY element since the first TR element not inside a THEAD or TFOOT but inside a TABLE will imply the TBODY content. This also allows this proposal to be backwards compatible with existing documents which have a simple TABLE element whose content consists of only a series of row and data elements.

The table proposal states that a browser may display ALIGN=justify the same as the default ALIGN=left if it lacks support for text justification. The CHAR and CHAROFF attributes are used when ALIGN=char. CHAR specifies a single character to be used for alignment, and defaults to the decimal point in the current language. CHAROFF specifies the offset, in the DIR direction, to the first occurrence of the CHAR character on each line. If a line doesn't include the CHAR character, it is to end at the CHAROFF position. The default value for CHAROFF is either 50% or whatever will cause the CHAR characters in all cells with a declared CHAR in a column to align. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition the suffix of a percentsign may be used to specify the percentage offset within the cell. The VALIGN attribute defines the vertical alignment of the cell contents. The ALIGN, CHAR and CHAROFF attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < columns < column groups < rows < row groups < default. The VALIGN, LANG and DIR attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < rows < row groups < columns < column groups < table < default.


TD

Description
The TD element defines a data cell as part of the TABLE construct. Both TH and TD elements can exist in any one of the three table sections: THEAD, TFOOT, or TBODY.
Minimum Attributes
<TD>
All Possible Attributes
<TD LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." AXIS="..." AXES="..." NOWRAP ROWSPAN=value COLSPAN=value ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|char|decimal CHAR="..." CHAROFF="..." DP="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline WIDTH=value BGCOLOR="...">characters...</TD>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group body.content
Allowed In Content Of...
TR
Variations
The TD element is part of the proposed TABLE construct. A browser is to assume the table cell ends with the beginning of the next table cell or the beginning of another table row or the end of the enclosing TABLE, THEAD, TFOOT, or TBODY element and thus a closing tag is not required. This element is an extension in Netscape 1.1 and MS Internet Explorer 2.0.

The values justify|char for the ALIGN attribute are new and are not widely implemented. The table proposal states that a browser may display ALIGN=justify the same as the default ALIGN=left if it lacks support for text justification. The AXIS and AXES attributes for cells provide a means for defining concise labels for cells, either for speech rendering, or for database field names. The attribute AXIS defaults to the cell contents. The AXES is a comma separated list of axis names which together identify the row and column headers that pertain to this cell. The NOWRAP attribute will suppress word wrap in the cell. The ROWSPAN and COLSPAN attributes define the integer number of rows and columns spanned by the cell. A value of zero for either implies the cell spans from this cell to the end of the table. The attribute DP is from an earlier version of the proposal and was used with a value of decimal on the ALIGN attribute. It has been replaced with the CHAR and CHAROFF attributes used when ALIGN=char. CHAR specifies a single character to be used for alignment, and defaults to the decimal point in the current language. CHAROFF specifies the offset, in the DIR direction, to the first occurrence of the CHAR character on each line. If a line doesn't include the CHAR character, it is to end at the CHAROFF position. The default value for CHAROFF is either 50% or whatever will cause the CHAR characters in all cells with a declared CHAR in a column to align. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition the suffix of a percentsign may be used to specify the percentage offset within the cell. The VALIGN attribute defines the vertical alignment of the cell contents. The ALIGN, CHAR and CHAROFF attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < columns < column groups < rows < row groups < default. The VALIGN, LANG and DIR attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < rows < row groups < columns < column groups < table < default.

The WIDTH attribute is a Netscape extension. The BGCOLOR attribute is a MS Internet Explorer 2.0 extension. Internet Explorer accepts either an "#rrggbb" number or the following color names: Black, Maroon, Green, Olive, Navy, Purple, Teal, Gray, Silver, Red, Lime, Yellow, Blue, Fuchsia, Aqua, White.


TEXTAREA

Description
The TEXTAREA element is used to specify a multiline input field as part of the contents in a FORM element. NAME defines the symbolic name of the field returned to the server on submission. The characters between the opening and closing tags define the text to be initially displayed in the textarea, and the default text to be returned, normally null. Only ASCII text is allowed as characters, and newlines are respected. ROWS and COLS define the physical size of the displayed input field in numbers of characters.
Minimum Attributes
<TEXTAREA NAME="..." ROWS="..." COLS="..."> </TEXTAREA>
All Possible Attributes
<TEXTAREA NAME="..." ROWS="..." COLS="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." WRAP=off|virtual|physical ALIGN=top|middle|bottom|left|right DISABLED ERROR="...">characters... </TEXTAREA>
Elements Allowed Within...
Only parsed character data is expected in the content of the TEXTAREA element. Note that the elements <INPUT> <SELECT> <TEXTAREA> are expressly prohibited by RFC 1866 from being nested within the TEXTAREA element content
Allowed In Content Of...
<FORM>
Variations
The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The WRAP attribute is a Netscape 2.0 extension and controls word wrapping inside the TEXTAREA. The value off is default and lines are sent exactly as typed. The value virtual wraps in the display but are sent exactly as typed. The value physical wraps in the display and sends new-lines at the wrap points as if new-lines had been entered. The early Version 3 proposal added the ALIGN, DISABLED, and ERROR attributes. The Version 3 proposed DISABLED attribute would display this TEXTAREA, but prohibit user entry/modification. The Version 3 proposed ERROR attribute defines text to be displayed in the event that the entered value for this TEXTAREA is invalid. All elements concerning FORM are Level 2.

TFOOT

Description
The TFOOT element encloses a series of table row definitions and specifies the defaults for all the rows in this group. Table rows are grouped inside the TABLE content into at most one THEAD, at most one TFOOT, and at least one TBODY sections, in that order. Depending on the capabilities of the browser, this sectioning can be used to repeat table head and foot rows when breaking tables across page boundaries, or to provide fixed headers above and footers below a scrollable body panel, or other similar rendering schemes.
Minimum Attributes
<TFOOT>
All Possible Attributes
<TFOOT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|char CHAR="..." CHAROFF="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline>characters...</TFOOT>
Elements Allowed Within...
TR
Allowed In Content Of...
TABLE
Variations
The TFOOT element is a part of the latest table proposal. This TFOOT element is new and not widely implemented. The ending element is optional for this element and may be implied when the TBODY element is encountered.

The table proposal states that a browser may display ALIGN=justify the same as the default ALIGN=left if it lacks support for text justification. The CHAR and CHAROFF attributes are used when ALIGN=char. CHAR specifies a single character to be used for alignment, and defaults to the decimal point in the current language. CHAROFF specifies the offset, in the DIR direction, to the first occurrence of the CHAR character on each line. If a line doesn't include the CHAR character, it is to end at the CHAROFF position. The default value for CHAROFF is either 50% or whatever will cause the CHAR characters in all cells with a declared CHAR in a column to align. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition the suffix of a percentsign may be used to specify the percentage offset within the cell. The VALIGN attribute defines the vertical alignment of the cell contents. The ALIGN, CHAR and CHAROFF attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < columns < column groups < rows < row groups < default. The VALIGN, LANG and DIR attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < rows < row groups < columns < column groups < table < default.


TH

Description
The TH element defines a header cell as part of the TABLE construct. The browser should render the table to cause some difference between TH elements and TD elements. Both TH and TD elements can exist in any one of the three table sections: THEAD, TFOOT, or TBODY.
Minimum Attributes
<TH>
All Possible Attributes
<TH LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." AXIS="..." AXES="..." NOWRAP ROWSPAN=value COLSPAN=value ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|char|decimal CHAR="..." CHAROFF="..." DP="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline WIDTH=value BGCOLOR="...">characters...</TH>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group body.content
Allowed In Content Of...
TR
Variations
The TH element is part of the proposed TABLE construct. A browser is to assume the table cell ends with the beginning of the next table cell or the beginning of another table row or the end of the enclosing TABLE, THEAD, TFOOT, or TBODY element and thus a closing tag is not required. This element is an extension in Netscape 1.1 and MS Internet Explorer 2.0. Most browsers typically render the TH element in bold font, but otherwise identical to TD elements.

The values justify|char for the ALIGN attribute are new and are not widely implemented. The table proposal states that a browser may display ALIGN=justify the same as the default ALIGN=left if it lacks support for text justification. The AXIS and AXES attributes for cells provide a means for defining concise labels for cells, either for speech rendering, or for database field names. The attribute AXIS defaults to the cell contents. The AXES is a comma separated list of axis names which together identify the row and column headers that pertain to this cell. The NOWRAP attribute will suppress word wrap in the cell. The ROWSPAN and COLSPAN attributes define the integer number of rows and columns spanned by the cell. A value of zero for either implies the cell spans from this cell to the end of the table. The attribute DP is from an earlier version of the proposal and was used with a value of decimal on the ALIGN attribute. It has been replaced with the CHAR and CHAROFF attributes used when ALIGN=char. CHAR specifies a single character to be used for alignment, and defaults to the decimal point in the current language. CHAROFF specifies the offset, in the DIR direction, to the first occurrence of the CHAR character on each line. If a line doesn't include the CHAR character, it is to end at the CHAROFF position. The default value for CHAROFF is either 50% or whatever will cause the CHAR characters in all cells with a declared CHAR in a column to align. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition the suffix of a percentsign may be used to specify the percentage offset within the cell. The VALIGN attribute defines the vertical alignment of the cell contents. The ALIGN, CHAR and CHAROFF attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < columns < column groups < rows < row groups < default. The VALIGN, LANG and DIR attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < rows < row groups < columns < column groups < table < default.

The WIDTH attribute is a Netscape extension. The BGCOLOR attribute is a MS Internet Explorer 2.0 extension. Internet Explorer accepts either an "#rrggbb" number or the following color names: Black, Maroon, Green, Olive, Navy, Purple, Teal, Gray, Silver, Red, Lime, Yellow, Blue, Fuchsia, Aqua, White.


THEAD

Description
The THEAD element encloses a series of table row definitions and specifies the defaults for all the rows in this group. Table rows are grouped inside the TABLE content into at most one THEAD, at most one TFOOT, and at least one TBODY sections, in that order. Depending on the capabilities of the browser, this sectioning can be used to repeat table head and foot rows when breaking tables across page boundaries, or to provide fixed headers above and footers below a scrollable body panel, or other similar rendering schemes.
Minimum Attributes
<THEAD>
All Possible Attributes
<THEAD LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|char CHAR="..." CHAROFF="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline>characters...</THEAD>
Elements Allowed Within...
TR
Allowed In Content Of...
TABLE
Variations
The THEAD element is a part of the latest table proposal. This THEAD element is new and not widely implemented. The ending element is optional for this element and may be implied when a TFOOT or the TBODY element is encountered.

The table proposal states that a browser may display ALIGN=justify the same as the default ALIGN=left if it lacks support for text justification. The CHAR and CHAROFF attributes are used when ALIGN=char. CHAR specifies a single character to be used for alignment, and defaults to the decimal point in the current language. CHAROFF specifies the offset, in the DIR direction, to the first occurrence of the CHAR character on each line. If a line doesn't include the CHAR character, it is to end at the CHAROFF position. The default value for CHAROFF is either 50% or whatever will cause the CHAR characters in all cells with a declared CHAR in a column to align. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition the suffix of a percentsign may be used to specify the percentage offset within the cell. The VALIGN attribute defines the vertical alignment of the cell contents. The ALIGN, CHAR and CHAROFF attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < columns < column groups < rows < row groups < default. The VALIGN, LANG and DIR attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < rows < row groups < columns < column groups < table < default.


TITLE

Description
The TITLE is not part of the document text. Often the title is used by a browser to label the display window. Some Web search engines only search the title of Web pages. Therefore the text of the TITLE should be kept short but sufficient to identify the document.
Minimum Attributes
<TITLE>characters... </TITLE>
All Possible Attributes
<TITLE LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl>characters... </TITLE>
Elements Allowed Within...
Only parsed character data is expected in the content of the TITLE element. Note that the elements <META> <LINK> are expressly prohibited by RFC 1866 from being nested within the TITLE element content
Allowed In Content Of...
<HEAD>
Variations
RFC 1866 specifies that all HTML documents must contain a TITLE element. Some browsers will truncate titles to a length they can handle. RFC 1866 recommends that titles be fewer than 64 characters. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. TITLE is a Level 0 element.
Sandia Requirements
The TITLE element is required to include a short, uniquely descriptive document title.

TR

Description
The TR element defines a table row in one of the three sections of the TABLE construct: THEAD, TFOOT, or TBODY. The contents of the TR element is required to contain at least one of either the TH element or the TD element.
Minimum Attributes
<TR>
All Possible Attributes
<TR LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="..." ALIGN=left|right|center|justify|char|decimal CHAR="..." CHAROFF="..." VALIGN=top|middle|bottom|baseline DP="...">
Elements Allowed Within...
<TD> <TH>
Allowed In Content Of...
<TBODY> <TFOOT> <THEAD>
Variations
The TR element is part of the proposed TABLE construct. A browser is to assume the table row ends with the beginning of the next table row, the next table row group, or the end of the table and thus a closing tag is not required. An early Version 3 proposal recommended that browsers should tolerate the absence of the first TR in a table, but this option was not included in the formal table proposal. This element is an extension in Netscape 1.1 and MS Internet Explorer 2.0.

The values justify|char for the ALIGN attribute are new and are not widely implemented. The table proposal states that a browser may display ALIGN=justify the same as the default ALIGN=left if it lacks support for text justification. The attribute DP is from an earlier version of the proposal and was used with a value of decimal on the ALIGN attribute. It has been replaced with the CHAR and CHAROFF attributes used when ALIGN=char. CHAR specifies a single character to be used for alignment, and defaults to the decimal point in the current language. CHAROFF specifies the offset, in the DIR direction, to the first occurrence of the CHAR character on each line. If a line doesn't include the CHAR character, it is to end at the CHAROFF position. The default value for CHAROFF is either 50% or whatever will cause the CHAR characters in all cells with a declared CHAR in a column to align. The default units is pixels, but may be specified by a suffix on the number. The standard defined units suffixes include: pt=points, pi=picas, in=inches, cm=centimeters, mm=millimeters, em=em units, px=screen pixels. In addition the suffix of a percentsign may be used to specify the percentage offset within the cell. The VALIGN attribute defines the vertical alignment of the cell contents. The ALIGN, CHAR and CHAROFF attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < columns < column groups < rows < row groups < default. The VALIGN, LANG and DIR attribute values may be inherited from other table elements in the following order: cells < rows < row groups < columns < column groups < table < default.


TT

Description
The TT element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to a fixed width teletype font.
Minimum Attributes
<TT>characters... </TT>
All Possible Attributes
<TT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </TT>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group font
Variations
Browsers who do not have teletype font may render in some other manner. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

U

Description
The U element changes the physical rendering of the contents of the element to an underlined font.
Minimum Attributes
<U>characters... </U>
All Possible Attributes
<U LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </U>
Elements Allowed Within...
-In progress, to be determined-
Allowed In Content Of...
-In progress, to be determined-
Variations
The U element was in an early Version 2 proposal but is not part of RFC 1866. It is often rendered in italic or slanted rather than underlined. All character definition elements are Level 2.

UL

Description
The UL element defines an unordered list consisting of a number of separated multi-line <LI> elements, and usually marked by a bullet or similar symbol.
Minimum Attributes
<UL></UL>
All Possible Attributes
<UL COMPACT LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ALIGN=center|left|right|justify ID="..." CLASS="..." CLEAR=left|right|all|"..." PLAIN SRC="..." MD="..." DINGBAT="..." WRAP=vert|horiz TYPE=disk|circle|square> </UL>
Elements Allowed Within...
<LH> <LI>
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of the group list
Variations
Nested UL lists are usually rendered more indented with differing bullets or symbols. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. The internationalization proposal also includes ALIGN=center|left|right|justify Version 3 proposes the CLEAR, PLAIN, SRC, MD, DINGBAT, and WRAP attributes. The TYPE attribute is a current Netscape extension. Version 3 proposes to replace it with the SRC and DINGBAT attributes to point to general server and browser images respectively. Specifying <UL PLAIN> to eliminate the bullets is proposed by Version 3 as a replacement for the MENU element. Specifying <UL PLAIN WRAP=HORIZ> is proposed by Version 3 as a replacement for the DIR list element. The browser may dynamically determine the appropriate number of columns. All list elements are Level 0.

VAR

Description
The VAR element changes the character rendering of the contents of the element to logically represent a variable name.
Minimum Attributes
<VAR>characters... </VAR>
All Possible Attributes
<VAR LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl ID="..." CLASS="...">characters... </VAR>
Elements Allowed Within...
members of the group text
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of the group phrase
Variations
This is usually rendered in italics. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal. All character definition elements are Level 2.

WBR

Description
The WBR element exists to force the possibility of a word break in a no-break section.
Minimum Attributes
<WBR>
All Possible Attributes
<WBR>
Elements Allowed Within...
The WBR element is defined as having no content.
Allowed In Content Of...
<NOBR>
Variations
The WBR element is a Netscape extension.

XMP

Description
The XMP element defined a separated multi-line set of text to be rendered as it exists in the source document with the same line breaks.
Minimum Attributes
<XMP>characters... </XMP>
All Possible Attributes
<XMP WIDTH="..." LANG="..." DIR=ltr|rtl>characters... </XMP>
Elements Allowed Within...
The only markup recognized is the XMP ending element.
Allowed In Content Of...
Any element that permits members of group block
Variations
Most browsers use fixed-width characters for XMP text. This element existed in Version 0 and has been replaced by the <PRE> element. RFC 1866 states that the content of the XMP element should be rendered so that at least 80 characters fit on a line. RFC 1866 has declared XMP as deprecated and some current browsers no longer recognize it. The LANG and DIR attributes are introduced with the internationalization proposal.

 

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